Srovnávací tabulka vlastností nábojů

Srovnávací tabulka vlastností nábojů včetně exotických ráží.

(Vzorec pro energii: Velocity (in F.P.S.) x Velocity x Bullet Weight (in grains) /450.240)

Rimfire Cartridges

Typical Bullet Weight Lowest Reported Muzzle Energy

Most Energetic Loading

grains foot-pounds Bullet Weight, grains Muzzle Velocity, feet per second Muzzle Energy, foot-pounds
.22 BB Cap 18 20 20 780 26
.22 CB Cap 29 33 30 725 34
.22 Short 29 32 15 1710 97
.22 Long 29 32 29 1240 99
.22 Long Rifle (2″ bbl) 40 65 40 890 70
.22 Long Rifle (6″ bbl) 93 40 1060 100
.22 Long Rifle (22.5″ bbl) 100 40 1255 140
.22 Stinger 33 1410 32 1640 191
.22 WRF 45 1050 45 1450 209
.22 WMR (2″ bbl) 40 70 30 1238 102
.22 WMR (6″ bbl) 40 1428 181
.22 WMR (22.5″ bbl) 300 40 1910 324
10.4x38Rmm Swiss Vetterli 334 1345 1330
44 Henry Flat 200 1125 568

Centerfire Handgun Cartridges under 9mm

Actual Bullet Diameter Typical Bullet Weight Lowest Reported Muzzle Energy

Most Energetic Loading

inches grains foot-pounds Bullet Weight, grains Muzzle Velocity, feet per second Muzzle Energy, foot-pounds
2.7mm Kolibri Auto 0.107 2.8 3 700 3.25
5.45mm USSR 0.21 40 40 1034 95
5.7x28mm P90 23 23 2790 400
.22 Rem. Jet 0.223 40 288 40 2460 535
.221 Rem. Fireball 0.224 50 704 50 2650 780
.25 ACP 0.251 50 64 50 810 73
7mm Nambu 0.280 112 56 1250 196
7.65mm Long 0.309 77 206 85 1120 240
.32 S&W 0.31 85 90 98 705 115
.32 Short Colt 0.313-0.317 80 54 80 745 100
.32 Long Colt 0.312 80 94 82 755 104
.32 S&W Long 0.312 98 96 98 780 132
.32 ACP 0.31 71 100 71 905 129
.32 H&R Mag 0.312 90 145 85 1100 230
7.62mm Nagant 0.295 108 122 108 1100 290
7.65mm Luger 0.309 93 257 100 1210 325
7.62mm Tokarev 0.307 87 87 1390 365
7.63mm Mauser 0.308 86 257 86 1410 375
8mm Japanese 0.32 83 165 102 960 202
8mm French Ordnance 0.323 102 104 115 700 126

Centerfire Handgun Cartridges 9mm and above

Actual Bullet Diameter Typical Bullet Weight Lowest Factory Reported Muzzle Energy

Most Energetic Loading

inches grains foot-pounds Bullet Weight, grains Muzzle Velocity, feet per second Muzzle Energy, foot-pounds
9mm Browning Long 0.355 95 192 110 1100 300
.38 Short Colt 0.357 125 150 130 770 171
.38 Long Colt 0.357 150 150 770 195
.38 S&W 0.359 158 150 200 630 176
.380 ACP 0.355 88 162 90 1000 200
9mm Makarov 0.363 95 173 95 1060 237
.38 Special +P (2″ barrel) 0.357 125 185 95 1023 221
.38 Special 0.357 130 165 110 945 220
.38 Special +P 0.357 140 240 99 1175 291
.38 Special +P+ 0.357 110 300 115 1250 399
9mm Police 0.355 124 225 123 1070 313
.38 Colt Auto 0.356 125 312 115 1150 338
9mm Glisenti 0.355 124 308 123 1070 350
9mm Parabellum 0.356 123 270 88 1500 440
9mm Para +P 0.356 115 384 124 1299 465
9mm Para +P+ 0.356 115 410 115 1310 439
.38 Super 0.356 125 368 125 1150 500
9x21mm 0.356 124 340 124 1335 490
9mm Bergmann Bayard 0.354 124 124 1190 390
.357 SIG 0.355 125 445 124 1387 530
.356 TSW 135 485 115 1520 593
9x23mm Win 0.356 125 1450 583
9mm Win Mag 0.355 115 115 1475 556
.357 Magnum 0.357 140 400 125 1450 583
.357 Maximum 0.357 158 676 158 1825 1168
.40 S&W 0.4 155 363 135 1324 524
10mm Auto subsonic 0.4 180 361 180 950 361
10mm Auto 0.4 180 425 170 1340 680
.400 Cor-Bon 0.4 150 385 135 1400 588
.41 Action Express 0.41 180 378 170 1100 457
.41 Magnum 0.41 210 434 210 1300 788
.44-40 0.427 205 545 200 1125 560
.44 Russian 0.429 246 265 246 770 324
.44 Special 0.43 240 284 200 1035 476
.44 Magnum 0.43 240 533 210 1495 1042
.44 Auto Mag 0.429 200 972 240 1400 1045
.440 Cor-Bon 0.43 260 1440 240 2045 2230
.455 Webley & Scott 0.455 224 247 200 775 265
.45 ACP 0.452 200 245 200 975 421
.45 ACP +P 0.452 185 494 165 1250 573
.45 Super 0.452 230 674 185 1335 732
.45 Colt 0.452 240 355 185 1100 497
.455 Revolver Mk II 0.455 260 213 262 700 285
.45 Win Mag 0.451 230 999 185 1850 1406
.445 Supermag 0.432 240 1045 300 1350 1215
.454 Casull 0.452 260 1220 240 1916 1955
.50 Action Express 0.5 325 1227 300 1579 1661

Centerfire Rifle Cartridges up to 8mm

Actual Bullet Diameter Typical Bullet Weight Lowest Reported Muzzle Energy

Most Energetic Loading

inches grains foot-pounds Bullet Weight, grains Muzzle Velocity, feet per second Muzzle Energy, foot-pounds
.17 Rem 0.172 25 801 25 4040 906
4.73mm Caseless 49 49 3050 1021
5mm Experimental 45 45 3100 955
5.45mm M1974 USSR 0.221 52 1016 54 2950 1045
.22 Hornet 0.223 50 640 45 2500 723
.222 Rem 0.224 50 960 55 3200 1174
.223 Rem 0.224 62 965 80 2869 1460
.22-250 0.224 55 1224 70 3300 1690
6mm PPC 0.243 70 1365 90 3000 1799
6mm-223 0.243 70 1295 75 2900 1400
.243 Win 0.243 95 1599 105 3100 2133
6.5mm Dutch 0.263 156 1590 140 2550 2360
6.5mm Arisaka 0.252 140 1460 120 3000 2400
6.5mm Mauser 0.264 120 1814 160 2600 2402
6.5mm Italian 0.265 156 1570 139 2580 2045
.270 Win 0.277 150 2449 160 2800 2786
7mm Mauser 0.284 142 2199 154 2690 2475
30-40 Krag 0.308 220 220 2200 2365
7.5mm French 0.307 150 2100 180 2590 2692
7.5mm Swiss 0.308 165 2430 180 2650 2805
M52 0.31 132 130 2440
.30 US Carbine 0.308 110 845 100 2200 1075
300 Whisper 0.308 220 375 125 2283 1445
Standard M1943 USSR 0.311 122 1445 125 2400 1599
.30-30 0.308 150 1394 150 2390 1902
7.62mm NATO 0.308 150 2180 168 2680 2680
.30-06 0.308 180 2033 190 2700 3076
Type 54R USSR 0.31 180 2620 185 2660 2910
.300 Win Mag 0.308 165 3054 190 3150 4187
.300 Weatherby Mag 0.308 180 3066 165 3450 4360
7.65mm Argentine Mauser 0.31 174 2150 150 2920 2841
7.7mm Rimless Japanese 0.31 182 2237 130 2950 2510
0.303 British 0.311 180 1919 180 2460 2420
7.92mm Intermediate .323 120 1193 125 2310 1485
7.92mm Mauser 0.323 150 2100 198 2625 3031
7.92mm Patrone 318 0.323 7806 223 4150 8530
8mm Austrian 0.323 244 2102 196 2310 2320
8mm Lebel 0.328 198 2481 198 2450 2645
8mm M31 0.33 198 2358 206 2300 2420

Centerfire Rifle Cartridges over 8mm

Actual Bullet Diameter Typical Bullet Weight Lowest Reported Muzzle Energy

Most Energetic Loading

inches grains foot-pounds Bullet Weight, grains Muzzle Velocity, feet per second Muzzle Energy, foot-pounds
.338 Win Mag 0.338 225 3518 300 2500 4164
.35 Remington 0.358 158 1599 140 2500 1943
9.3x74mmR .365 258 3172 232 2630 3535
.375 Win 0.375 235 1955 220 2200 2365
.375 H&H Mag 0.375 270 2585 235 3000 4697
.378 Weatherby Mag 0.375 270 5165 270 3180 6062
.38-40 0.4 180 444 180 1160 538
.416 Rigby 0.416 350 5115 325 2900 6071
11mm Vickers 0.445 385 1635 386 1493 1903
.444 Marlin 0.429 240 2499 275 2250 3092
577/450 Martini Henry 0.455 480 1730 500 1320 1939
.45-70 Gov 0.458 300 1306 400 1900 3207
.458 Win Mag 0.458 400 2938 500 2350 6133
.460 Weatherby Mag 0.458 500 5997 500 2650 7799
12.7 x 80SR 580 2539 8304
12.7mm USSR 0.511 788 2822 13,938
.50 Match 0.511 630 2913 11,863
.50 BMG 0.511 720 12,565 660 3080 13,910
13mm T.u.F. 11,563 795 3000 15,892
13.2mm Breda 791 2211 8588
13.2mm Hotchkiss 805
.55 Boys 13,729 735 3250 17,242
14.5mm B-32 979 3320 23,967
585 Nyati .585 650 3255 750 2525 10,620
15mm Besa 18,782 1160 2900 21,668
.600 Nitro Express .620 900 900 1950 7596

Cannon Cartridges over 13mm

Typical Bullet Weight Lowest Reported Muzzle Energy

Most Energetic Loading

grains foot-pounds Bullet Weight, grains Muzzle Velocity, feet per second Muzzle Energy, foot-pounds
13mm T.u.F. 11,563 795 3000 15,892
13.2mm Breda 791 2211 8588
13.2mm Hotchkiss 805
.55 Boys 13,729 735 3250 17,242
14.5mm B-32 979 3320 23,967
15mm Besa 18,782 1160 2900 21,668
20x72mm Short Oerlikon 2222 2191 1820 16129
20x82mm 1775 1420 2624 21711
20x99mmR Soviet 1481 2624 22655
20x101mm Oerlikon rebated 2191 2222 2460 29868
20mm M50 1559 3380 39558
20x105mmB Short Solothurn 2068 2499 28690
20x110mm Hispano 2006 2886 37122
20x125mm Japanese ATR 2531 2690 40662
20x138mmB Long Solothurn 1836 2952 35543
20x139mm Vektor 3444

Shotgun Shells

Bore Diameter Typical Shot Load

Most Energetic Loading

inches ounces

Shot Style

Shot Load, grains Muzzle Velocity, feet per second Muzzle Energy, foot-pounds
9mm Flobert rimfire 1.75″ 0.354 1/4 #6 through #9 lead 109 600 87
410 2.5″ 0.41 1/2 high velocity birdshot 218 1245 750
410 3″ 0.41 11/16 high velocity shot 300 1135 860
32 gauge 2.5″ 0.526 1/2 #6 and #8 lead 219 1260 771
28-gauge 2.75″ 0.550 3/4 high velocity shot 437 1125 1229
24 gauge 2.5″ 0.580 11/16 #5 through #8 lead 300 1280 1095
20-gauge 2.75″“ 0.615 7/8 3/4 oz. rifled slug 328 1570 1796
20-gauge 3″ 0.615 1 1/4 turkey load 546 1200 1749
16-gauge 2.75″ 0.662 1 1/8 magnum birdshot 546 1260 1928
12-gauge 2.75″ 0.729 1 1/8 1.25 oz. rifled slug 546 1520 2806
12-gauge 3″ 0.729 1 7/8 1.25 oz. rifled slug 546 1600 3109
12-gauge 3″ Milspec Heavy Case 0.729 1 1/4 buckshot 560 1601 3188
12-gauge 3 1/8″ Milspec 0.729 11/16 flechettes 292 1948 2461
12-gauge 3.5″ 0.729 2 1/4 premium birdshot 984 1150 2891
10-gauge 3.5″ 0.775 1 3/4 premium/duplex birdshot 984 1205 3173